The number of reserve players or bench players in soccer varies according to the type of match as follows:
In official matches: According to the regulations and laws of the International Football Association (FIFA), each soccer team may attract a number of reserve players who are registered in the team’s list designated to play in tournaments, and their number is about 11 players, including a reserve goalkeeper. During matches, each team can have from 5 to 9 reserve players on the bench and they are registered in the team’s list for that match, with the notification of the referee responsible for managing it.
As for the friendly matches: there is no limited number of reserve players, whether registered in the team list or on the bench.
As for the number of substitutions:
During official matches, each team has the right to make 3 substitutions during the original time of the match, and if the match requires additional time due to a tie, another substitution is added to each team.
At the level of friendly matches, each team has the right to make an unlimited number of substitutions, and to learn more about the substitution procedures in soccer, this article will be discussed in this article.
Substitution procedures in football
In the following explanation, we will explain (the steps/procedures) that the team takes to make the process of switching between its players:
The team coach must make a list of the substitutes in advance (before the match begins) and submit that list to the match referee, with no name outside that list allowed to participate in the game.
The coach notifies the assistant referee of his intention to make the substitution and provides him with the names of the two players he intends to make the switch between.
The substituted player receives permission from the arbiter (main) to leave the playing court, and that player must leave the nearest point adjacent to one of the boundary lines of the playing court unless the referee asks him to leave by walking along the centerline for purposes that the referee may deem fit (for security reasons, due to an injury).
The player being substituted must go out to the bench or go directly to the changing room when his turn has ended completely from the activities of the match (he is not entitled to be returned to the match).
The player to be substituted continues in the course of play if he refuses the substitution order addressed to him.
The substitute player enters the playing court at certain times (the course of play is interrupted for some reason, between two halves of the match, after the substituted player leaves the field when he has received permission to enter from the court referee).
Both substituted and substituted players (who are on and off the field) remain under the authority and decisions of the referee.
Football switch law during the Corona pandemic
In the year 2020, specifically on the eighth of May, the International Football Association (FIFA) took an amendment to the law relating to making substitutions in football matches, as this amendment allowed football teams to make 5 substitutions per match instead of 3, and the main reason behind This procedure is the recommendations emanating from stakeholders and specialists in the effects of the emerging disease on the course of football activities in the world, and the International Federation (FIFA) recommended in its draft amendment to the Law of Substitutions that it continue to be applied until the end of the competitions scheduled to be held in August of the year 2021, and from The reasons that led the International Federation to take this temporary amendment is the negative impact that was felt on the level of comfort of the players due to the intensity of the matches they play due to health conditions.