Basic Soccer Tactics

One of the things that make the game of soccer very popular and desired by many athletes is the possibility of playing it in more than one way or plan. The coach (being responsible in this regard) is in front of a wide field of multiple options of plans and approaches that can be chosen according to the capabilities of his team.

What is meant by the tactics applied by a particular team is how to distribute the players to the different playing positions (defense, middle, wings, attack).

The responsibility for choosing the most appropriate tactic for the team rests with the coach, and therefore he or she must know the basics of that tactic and how to practice it, and how to adapt and overcome the tactics of the opponent so that the players have the ability to anticipate what the opposing team does and analyze it well to know how to respond to that.

Below we present to you the well-known soccer tactics in the world:


While Tiki Taka is considered to have its origins in the Dutch national team in the seventies, it was Pep Guardiola’s Barcelona team (2008-2012) that made this style of play famous and repeated all over the world, and from the point of view of the coach who adopts this tactic, he or she makes sure that the team will strive to keep the ball through short and complex passes, as all players in the team move and exchange positions and increase the burdens on the opponent’s midfield, in addition, the midfielders required by this system must be very professional and must have a high technical level. You also need smart and agile attackers so that their role is to press the opponent’s defense and draw the defenders away from their positions.

In tiki-taka, defenders must have a high sense of good handling of the ball, as they are sometimes asked to lunge into the midfield or overlap behind the wing player on the wings, and the goalkeeper must also move away from his line to move behind the high defensive line and be he is also good at passing the ball with confidence.

If you see that tiki-taka has become interesting to the audience, know that this is due to good execution by the players themselves, and vice versa, as it becomes very boring and frustrating when the players are not able to apply this tactical approach with high professionalism, and it is noticeable that the popularity of this tactic has diminished over the past few years as coaches tend to either defend deep, attack deep, or press high in the hope of regaining the ball again.

Park the bus tactic

This tactic can be described as the defensive stacking applied by the team, with the aim of limiting the number of possible offensive opportunities for any team whose attack is characterized by the abundance of attempts to penetrate the defense, as applied in the tactic of (Tiki Taka), and it was described as (parking the bus) due to what the defense does to curb the opponent’s attack, rushes and slows down, and thus we conclude from the way players distribute this tactic that they occupy most of the game’s time in their own half (exerting as little pressure as possible on the opponent’s court), despite relying on counter-attacks that are effective due to the opponent leaving most of his defensive positions and his focus on launching attacks, and thus the exploitation of this situation by a fast attacking player.

Counter attack tactic

This tactic is somewhat similar to the “park the bus” strategy in terms of counter-attacking the opponent with the team sacrificing two key elements: (possession and control of the ball), in the hope that the opponent will be hit when his players feel tired as a result of the continuous attempts to penetrate the defensive forts of the team, and the idea here is that the opponent is excessive in committing mistakes and leaves gaps in the back to be exploited, and this means that the team wants to allow the opponent to attack him before recovering the ball and make a quick counterattack, and if a soccer team wants to succeed with this tactic, it must have fast attackers or wings.

High pressure tactic

The tactic of high pressure is one of the strategies that put an end to tiki-taka, in recent years the Liverpool team led by Jurgen Klopp has perfected this method with many teams now imitating this method of playing, and in contrast to the bus-parking strategies and counter-attack strategies that make the team positioned deep and defending, the high pressure makes players constantly press the opponent in a high style, forcing their players to be in their half as much as possible through the course of the match. This tactic also requires the employment of two to three players in attack able to impose high pressure in the half The opponent; And one of the benefits of this tactic is to cover up any defects in the team’s defensive structure and to give the defense enough time to restore its ranks.

Long Pass Tactic

This tactic is considered old and dates back to the primitive soccer era, so it may seem embarrassing for the coach to adopt this tactic in front of other teams, but it is okay if it suits the nature of the players and they can adapt to it. In the past, the long ball tactic was used by defensive-minded teams which were shooting the ball forward to a striker with a large physique and able to fight the opponents’ defense in order to grab the ball and get into the goal.

Temporary pressure

This tactic can be described as (the five-second tactic) that the team resorts to as soon as it loses possession of the ball and is not defensively aligned (because of the offensive state when the ball was in possession), and therefore the team players apply quick and temporary pressure on the player who has the ball. The opponent trying to grab and return the ball as fast as possible before getting into their defense.


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